Estonian University of Life Sciences

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Geographic scope: National
Country: Estonia
Type of Institution: University / higher education
Name in original language: Eesti Maa Ülikool
Legal status: Public
Name of the Department: Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Crop Science and Plant Biology
Climate-relevant agricultural research
Climate change research in my institution / department is linked to agricultural research areas: Yes
Description of climate-relevant ag research: Greenhouse gas mitigation by atmospheric phytoremediation. Reduction of nitrous oxide in soil, run-off water, and off-gassing is being studied by amplifying bacterial enzymes like nitrous oxide reductase from Pseudomonas stutzeri and P. nautica.
Main / core research areas: Climate change mitigation, CC in agricultural systems - arable land, cropping systemsVery important research areas: CC in agricultural systems - agriculture greenhouse gas emissionsRelatively important areas: Monitoring of climate and climate change, Monitoring - Meteorological observations, Monitoring - Hydrological observations, Monitoring - Emissions monitoring and reporting, Monitoring - Climatological services, Risks of present and future weather-driven disasters, Adaptation to climate change, Climate policies, Impacts of climate change, CC in agricultural systems - forestsResearch level in your institution / department in the climate-related areas: Master or equivalent / ISCED 7, Doctoral or equivalent / ISCED 8, Post-doc
Number of researchers in climate-related areas: Below 10
Average yearly expenditure in your institution / department on climate change research in recent years (EUR): 100,000 - 500,000
Type of funding sources for your climate-related research: GovernmentResearch focus: Fundamental researchCollaborations with other organizations: Industry, Farmers, cooperatives and agricultural workers, Government, International Organizations, University / higher educationCollaborations with other countries: Canada, Estonia, United States of America
Successful projects: Soil bacterial genes encoding the nitrous oxide reductase operon of Pseudomonas and Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus have been expressed in tobacco rice and now in maize.
Major needs of your institution / department to increase the impact of climate research: Gas exchange chambers to monitor N2OR enzyme activity in root and leaf extracts.
What is the current trend of interest in climate-related research in your institution?: Increasing: both researchers and funding bodies are increasingly interested
What are your institution's plans regarding climate-related research?: Increasing it
Comments: Estonian Univ Life Sciences is our former Agriculture University in Tartu, Estonia and collaborates extensively with Canada's capital city Ottawa and University of Ottawa. Due to mass refugee exodus during WWII Canada hosts the largest population of emigree Estonians thus it is easy and...